• History of fuchsia visuel 1

Discovery of the first fuchsia.

Charles Plumier was entrusted with leading two expeditions, the main aim of which was to determine the quinquinas (its bark provided the quinine necessary to cure malaria). It was around 1696 that Charles Plumier discovered a small shrub in Santo Domingo with the indigenous name "molle ecantu", known as the beauty bush.
The reverend Charles Plumier dedicated this plant to the memory of Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566), a Bavarian physician-botanist and professor at the University of Thuringia, who was also known for his knowledge of plants. In 1542, he wrote a renowned herbarium, Historia stirpium, with beautiful woodcuts and descriptions of more than 500 plants, many of which could be used in medicine. When PLUMIER described the fuchsia in 1703, he also described the first known species, which he named "Fuchsia triphylla, flore coccinea", i.e. three-leaved fuchsia with scarlet flowers.

In November 1704 or 1706 according to sources, Charles PLUMIER died just before his return from Peru, victim of pleurisy. The ship on which he had taken his herbarium and plants (and, who knows, a fuchsia specimen?), was sunk during the return trip to Europe.